Of great importance is the author’s intuition. So, if when re-reading a written article, he has some inconvenience from the phrase, then you can use the following technique. Imagine that this phrase is not. Did something change in the article: the presentation logic was lost, the meaning was lost? If not, feel free to cross out this phrase, no matter how beautiful it is. Although the title is the initial element of the article, it is recommended to start working on it after writing the article, when the author sees the whole structure before him and fully understands the essence of the published materials. Abstract performs the function of the expanded title of the article and gives a brief description of the study with the coverage of its main issues.
Presenting the content of the entire publication, the abstract should include its main sections: relevance, problem statement, ways to solve the problem posed, results and conclusions. Each section can be assigned one sentence. Therefore, clarity of thought is the key when writing annotations. Annotation usually contains from 50 to 400 words depending on the complexity of the material and the requirements of a particular journal . Annotation should be presented in simple language, understandable to a wide range of specialists in a specific field of knowledge, without the use of abbreviations and highly specialized terms.
It is recommended to use well-known common terms. For clarity of expression, used cliches should be used: “The work reviewed studied presented analyzed summarized tested At the same time, it is necessary to avoid unnecessary details and specific figures. At the end of the annotation, as a rule, key words are given that are necessary for search engines and the classification of articles by topic. In the interests of the author to specify the largest number of keywords to increase the chances of finding an article through search engines. Introduction is an important and indispensable element of a scientific article. Its main function is to justify the relevance of the issue, the novelty of the work being carried out, the formulation of the purpose and objectives of the study. Giving introductory information, the author in the introduction formulates a hypothesis, gives an overview of the known methods of solving the research question and their disadvantages .
At the same time, the introduction should show the reader what place this research occupies among similar domestic and foreign developments, the author should provide a critical analysis of the work of his predecessors. The completeness and quality of writing in this section show the skill of the author as a researcher and analyst. This section should be not only as complete as possible, but also concise, since an insufficiently opened introduction, on the one hand, will reduce the reader’s understanding of the need for the research being conducted and the reasonableness of the proposed approaches to solving the existing problem. On the other hand, excessive fascination with this section often leads to the fact that the reader erodes the perception of the relevance of the study. It is not necessary to arrange an “educational program” from this section and enter into it information that can be gathered from any textbook or reference book, it is not necessary to provide an explanation of the terms and definitions in the introduction . The statement of the goal and objectives of the study should flow from the above justification and reflect the expected result from the study.